EL ANÁLISIS SEMINAL COMO HERRAMIENTA PARA PREDECIR EL POTENCIAL REPRODUCTIVO EN TOROS / SEMEN ANALYSIS AS A TOOL TO PREDICT THE REPRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL IN BULLS

ARMANDO QUINTERO MORENO, JOSÉ MANUEL MAYORGA-TORRES, WALTER CARDONA MAYA

Resumen


Efficiency of animal production must take into account the genetic and reproductive tools, two important components in the farming system. The assessment of sperm quality is a prerequisite for the development of artificial insemination programs, in which the used semen must maintain the fertilize ability after being cryopreserved. In the field of animal reproduction, there is still a search for a "prognostic seminal analysis" able to adequately predict the stud fertility of an out from a semen sample. However, this comprehensive analysis is difficult to develop due to the inherent complexity on the sperm physiology. The ideal semen analysis would be the one that allow predict in a simple and effective way the fertilizing capacity of an ejaculate. The implementation of methodology that describe functional and physiological sperm characteristics charge value to be the only method in the laboratory representing the fertilizing capacity of bull. Knowledge of the quality of each bull sperm becomes one of the main objectives in the production of bovine semen, a prerequisite for the development of assisted reproductive technologies.

 

RESUMEN

La eficiencia de la producción y la calidad animal debe estar acompañada de herramientas genéticas y reproductivas, dos componentes de gran importancia que se deben tener en cuenta en la implementación de proyectos de producción animal. La evaluación de la calidad espermática es un requisito indispensable para el desarrollo de programas de inseminación artificial, en el que el semen utilizado mantenga la habilidad de fecundar después de ser crio-preservado. En el área de la reproducción animal se busca un “análisis seminal ideal” que valore adecuadamente y prediga la fertilidad de una muestra seminal. Sin embargo, este análisis integral es muy difícil de desarrollar, debido a la enorme complejidad inherente a la función espermática. El análisis de semen ideal sería aquél que de forma sencilla y eficaz permitiera predecir la capacidad fecundante de un eyaculado. La implementación de metodologías que describan características funcionales y fisiológicas espermáticas cobra valor al ser el único método en el laboratorio que representa la capacidad fecundante del toro. El conocimiento de la calidad espermática de cada toro se convierte en uno de los principales objetivos en la producción de semen bovino, un requisito indispensable para el desarrollo de las tecnologías de reproducción asistida


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